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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Melbourne, CBT Training

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy



What is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy?

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a therapy approach that considers our interactions between four domains: how we feel, what we think, physiological changes, and what we do - our behavior.

CBT is about understanding how your feelings, thoughts, body and behavior interact to cause you difficulties, and this type of therapy focuses on making changes so that you can break the cycles that maintaining these difficulties.

A core aspect of CBT is to examine in detail how we interpret events and what happens around us. This involves working with a skilled psychologist who will help you understand your thought patterns and learn how these affect what you feel about situations and also what you subsequently do. If you have had thoughts such as I’m worthless, I’m not good enough, people will hurt me, I’m unlovable or unlikeable, then CBT could benefit you.

Another aspect of CBT is to examine the behavioural changes which accompany your mood and to provide you with support and guidance in maintaining these changes. For example, when you make changes to avoid some of the difficulties you are currently facing, you may find it difficult to cope and hard to complete tasks. A skilled psychologist can assist you plan and manage these situations.

How can Cognitive Behavioural Therapy help?

CBT is a broad therapy approach and various adaptations have been shown to be effective with a wide range of difficulties. Scientific research has shown that CBT can be helpful for depression, generalised anxiety, phobias, social anxiety, selective mutism, panic attacks, agoraphobia, adjustment disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, post traumatic stress disorder, sleep disorders, eating disorders, and body image issues.

CBT can also be adapted for children and adolescents. This has been shown to be most effective with family involvement.

What does it look like?

CBT is a present focused and structured therapy approach. You will work with your psychologist to build a picture of what your current difficulties are and what may be maintaining them. While it is important to gain an understanding of what caused your difficulties, therapy is predominantly focused on what is keeping them going.

This involves focusing on the four areas previously mentioned – feelings, thoughts, physiological symptoms, and behavior. You will learn strategies and skills to break these cycles and improve your mood. Creating change requires practice and CBT will usually involve you completing tasks and practicing new skills outside of sessions.

What to expect in your first few CBT consultations

Initial sessions will involve you telling your story and the psychologist asking you questions about your current difficulties as well as your history. You may be asked to complete written diaries outside of sessions to help in the gathering of information. This may involve you documenting what you do during your day, or writing down when you notice changes in your emotions or thoughts.

This helps you and the psychologist to establish patterns in how your mood, thoughts, emotions and behavior may be maintaining your difficulties. Constructing a picture together of how you came to have these difficulties, and what may now be keeping them going is the next step before creating positive change.

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